Book I of the Maccabees


1-5 6-10 11-16

1Mac 6:1

About that time king Antiochus travelling through the high

countries heard say, that Elymais in the country of Persia was a

city greatly renowned for riches, silver, and gold;

1Mac 6:2

And that there was in it a very rich temple, wherein were

coverings of gold, and breastplates, and shields, which

Alexander, son of Philip, the Macedonian king, who reigned first

among the Grecians, had left there.

1Mac 6:3

Wherefore he came and sought to take the city, and to spoil

it; but he was not able, because they of the city, having had

warning thereof,

1Mac 6:4

Rose up against him in battle: so he fled, and departed

thence with great heaviness, and returned to Babylon.

1Mac 6:5

Moreover there came one who brought him tidings into Persia,

that the armies, which went against the land of Judea, were put

to flight:

1Mac 6:6

And that Lysias, who went forth first with a great power was

driven away of the Jews; and that they were made strong by the

armour, and power, and store of spoils, which they had gotten of

the armies, whom they had destroyed:

1Mac 6:7

Also that they had pulled down the abomination, which he had

set up upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had compassed

about the sanctuary with high walls, as before, and his city


1Mac 6:8

Now when the king heard these words, he was astonished and

sore moved: whereupon he laid him down upon his bed, and fell

sick for grief, because it had not befallen him as he looked


1Mac 6:9

And there he continued many days: for his grief was ever more

and more, and he made account that he should die.

1Mac 6:10

Wherefore he called for all his friends, and said unto them,

The sleep is gone from mine eyes, and my heart faileth for very


1Mac 6:11

And I thought with myself, Into what tribulation am I come,

and how great a flood of misery is it, wherein now I am! for I

was bountiful and beloved in my power.

1Mac 6:12

But now I remember the evils that I did at Jerusalem, and

that I took all the vessels of gold and silver that were

therein, and sent to destroy the inhabitants of Judea without a


1Mac 6:13

I perceive therefore that for this cause these troubles are

come upon me, and, behold, I perish through great grief in a

strange land.

1Mac 6:14

Then called he for Philip, one of his friends, who he made

ruler over all his realm,

1Mac 6:15

And gave him the crown, and his robe, and his signet, to the

end he should bring up his son Antiochus, and nourish him up for

the kingdom.

1Mac 6:16

So king Antiochus died there in the hundred forty and ninth


1Mac 6:17

Now when Lysias knew that the king was dead, he set up

Antiochus his son, whom he had brought up being young, to reign

in his stead, and his name he called Eupator.

1Mac 6:18

About this time they that were in the tower shut up the

Israelites round about the sanctuary, and sought always their

hurt, and the strengthening of the heathen.

1Mac 6:19

Wherefore Judas, purposing to destroy them, called all the

people together to besiege them.

1Mac 6:20

So they came together, and besieged them in the hundred and

fiftieth year, and he made mounts for shot against them, and

other engines.

1Mac 6:21

Howbeit certain of them that were besieged got forth, unto

whom some ungodly men of Israel joined themselves:

1Mac 6:22

And they went unto the king, and said, How long will it be

ere thou execute judgment, and avenge our brethren?

1Mac 6:23

We have been willing to serve thy father, and to do as he

would have us, and to obey his commandments;

1Mac 6:24

For which cause they of our nation besiege the tower, and are

alienated from us: moreover as many of us as they could light on

they slew, and spoiled our inheritance.

1Mac 6:25

Neither have they stretched out their hand against us only,

but also against their borders.

1Mac 6:26

And, behold, this day are they besieging the tower at

Jerusalem, to take it: the sanctuary also and Bethsura have they


1Mac 6:27

Wherefore if thou dost not prevent them quickly, they will do

the greater things than these, neither shalt thou be able to

rule them.

1Mac 6:28

Now when the king heard this, he was angry, and gathered

together all his friends, and the captains of his army, and

those that had charge of the horse.

1Mac 6:29

There came also unto him from other kingdoms, and from isles

of the sea, bands of hired soldiers.

1Mac 6:30

So that the number of his army was an hundred thousand

footmen, and twenty thousand horsemen, and two and thirty

elephants exercised in battle.

1Mac 6:31

These went through Idumea, and pitched against Bethsura,

which they assaulted many days, making engines of war; but they

of Bethsura came out, and burned them with fire, and fought


1Mac 6:32

Upon this Judas removed from the tower, and pitched in

Bathzacharias, over against the king's camp.

1Mac 6:33

Then the king rising very early marched fiercely with his

host toward Bathzacharias, where his armies made them ready to

battle, and sounded the trumpets.

1Mac 6:34

And to the end they might provoke the elephants to fight,

they shewed them the blood of grapes and mulberries.

1Mac 6:35

Moreover they divided the beasts among the armies, and for

every elephant they appointed a thousand men, armed with coats

of mail, and with helmets of brass on their heads; and beside

this, for every beast were ordained five hundred horsemen of the


1Mac 6:36

These were ready at every occasion: wheresoever the beast

was, and whithersoever the beast went, they went also, neither

departed they from him.

1Mac 6:37

And upon the beasts were there strong towers of wood, which

covered every one of them, and were girt fast unto them with

devices: there were also upon every one two and thirty strong

men, that fought upon them, beside the Indian that ruled him.

1Mac 6:38

As for the remnant of the horsemen, they set them on this

side and that side at the two parts of the host giving them

signs what to do, and being harnessed all over amidst the ranks.

1Mac 6:39

Now when the sun shone upon the shields of gold and brass,

the mountains glistered therewith, and shined like lamps of


1Mac 6:40

So part of the king's army being spread upon the high

mountains, and part on the valleys below, they marched on safely

and in order.

1Mac 6:41

Wherefore all that heard the noise of their multitude, and

the marching of the company, and the rattling of the harness,

were moved: for the army was very great and mighty.

1Mac 6:42

Then Judas and his host drew near, and entered into battle,

and there were slain of the king's army six hundred men.

1Mac 6:43

Eleazar also, surnamed Savaran, perceiving that one of the

beasts, armed with royal harness, was higher than all the rest,

and supposing that the king was upon him,

1Mac 6:44

Put himself in jeopardy, to the end he might deliver his

people, and get him a perpetual name:

1Mac 6:45

Wherefore he ran upon him courageously through the midst of

the battle, slaying on the right hand and on the left, so that

they were divided from him on both sides.

1Mac 6:46

Which done, he crept under the elephant, and thrust him

under, and slew him: whereupon the elephant fell down upon him,

and there he died.

1Mac 6:47

Howbeit the rest of the Jews seeing the strength of the king,

and the violence of his forces, turned away from them.

1Mac 6:48

Then the king's army went up to Jerusalem to meet them, and

the king pitched his tents against Judea, and against mount


1Mac 6:49

But with them that were in Bethsura he made peace: for they

came out of the city, because they had no victuals there to

endure the siege, it being a year of rest to the land.

1Mac 6:50

So the king took Bethsura, and set a garrison there to keep


1Mac 6:51

As for the sanctuary, he besieged it many days: and set there

artillery with engines and instruments to cast fire and stones,

and pieces to cast darts and slings.

1Mac 6:52

Whereupon they also made engines against their engines, and

held them battle a long season.

1Mac 6:53

Yet at the last, their vessels being without victuals, (for

that it was the seventh year, and they in Judea that were

delivered from the Gentiles, had eaten up the residue of the


1Mac 6:54

There were but a few left in the sanctuary, because the

famine did so prevail against them, that they were fain to

disperse themselves, every man to his own place.

1Mac 6:55

At that time Lysias heard say, that Philip, whom Antiochus

the king, whiles he lived, had appointed to bring up his son

Antiochus, that he might be king,

1Mac 6:56

Was returned out of Persia and Media, and the king's host

also that went with him, and that he sought to take unto him the

ruling of the affairs.

1Mac 6:57

Wherefore he went in all haste, and said to the king and the

captains of the host and the company, We decay daily, and our

victuals are but small, and the place we lay siege unto is

strong, and the affairs of the kingdom lie upon us:

1Mac 6:58

Now therefore let us be friends with these men, and make

peace with them, and with all their nation;

1Mac 6:59

And covenant with them, that they shall live after their

laws, as they did before: for they are therefore displeased, and

have done all these things, because we abolished their laws.

1Mac 6:60

So the king and the princes were content: wherefore he sent

unto them to make peace; and they accepted thereof.

1Mac 6:61

Also the king and the princes made an oath unto them:

whereupon they went out of the strong hold.

1Mac 6:62

Then the king entered into mount Sion; but when he saw the

strength of the place, he broke his oath that he had made, and

gave commandment to pull down the wall round about.

1Mac 6:63

Afterward departed he in all haste, and returned unto

Antiochia, where he found Philip to be master of the city: so he

fought against him, and took the city by force.

1Mac 7:1

In the hundred and one and fiftieth year Demetrius the son of

Seleucus departed from Rome, and came up with a few men unto a

city of the sea coast, and reigned there.

1Mac 7:2

And as he entered into the palace of his ancestors, so it

was, that his forces had taken Antiochus and Lysias, to bring

them unto him.

1Mac 7:3

Wherefore, when he knew it, he said, Let me not see their


1Mac 7:4

So his host slew them. Now when Demetrius was set upon the

throne of his kingdom,

1Mac 7:5

There came unto him all the wicked and ungodly men of Israel,

having Alcimus, who was desirous to be high priest, for their


1Mac 7:6

And they accused the people to the king, saying, Judas and

his brethren have slain all thy friends, and driven us out of

our own land.

1Mac 7:7

Now therefore send some man whom thou trustest, and let him

go and see what havock he hath made among us, and in the king's

land, and let him punish them with all them that aid them.

1Mac 7:8

Then the king chose Bacchides, a friend of the king, who

ruled beyond the flood, and was a great man in the kingdom, and

faithful to the king,

1Mac 7:9

And him he sent with that wicked Alcimus, whom he made high

priest, and commanded that he should take vengeance of the

children of Israel.

1Mac 7:10

So they departed, and came with a great power into the land

of Judea, where they sent messengers to Judas and his brethren

with peaceable words deceitfully.

1Mac 7:11

But they gave no heed to their words; for they saw that they

were come with a great power.

1Mac 7:12

Then did there assemble unto Alcimus and Bacchides a company

of scribes, to require justice.

1Mac 7:13

Now the Assideans were the first among the children of Israel

that sought peace of them:

1Mac 7:14

For said they, One that is a priest of the seed of Aaron is

come with this army, and he will do us no wrong.

1Mac 7:15

So he spake unto them, peaceably, and sware unto them,

saying, we will procure the harm neither of you nor your


1Mac 7:16

Whereupon they believed him: howbeit he took of them

threescore men, and slew them in one day, according to the words

which he wrote,

1Mac 7:17

The flesh of thy saints have they cast out, and their blood

have they shed round about Jerusalem, and there was none to bury


1Mac 7:18

Wherefore the fear and dread of them fell upon all the

people, who said, There is neither truth nor righteousness in

them; for they have broken the covenant and oath that they made.

1Mac 7:19

After this, removed Bacchides from Jerusalem, and pitched his

tents in Bezeth, where he sent and took many of the men that had

forsaken him, and certain of the people also, and when he had

slain them, he cast them into the great pit.

1Mac 7:20

Then committed he the country to Alcimus, and left with him a

power to aid him: so Bacchides went to the king.

1Mac 7:21

But Alcimus contended for the high priesthood.

1Mac 7:22

And unto him resorted all such as troubled the people, who,

after they had gotten the land of Juda into their power, did

much hurt in Israel.

1Mac 7:23

Now when Judas saw all the mischief that Alcimus and his

company had done among the Israelites, even above the heathen,

1Mac 7:24

He went out into all the coasts of Judea round about, and

took vengeance of them that had revolted from him, so that they

durst no more go forth into the country.

1Mac 7:25

On the other side, when Alcimus saw that Judas and his

company had gotten the upper hand, and knew that he was not able

to abide their force, he went again to the king, and said all

the worst of them that he could.

1Mac 7:26

Then the king sent Nicanor, one of his honourable princes, a

man that bare deadly hate unto Israel, with commandment to

destroy the people.

1Mac 7:27

So Nicanor came to Jerusalem with a great force; and sent

unto Judas and his brethren deceitfully with friendly words,


1Mac 7:28

Let there be no battle between me and you; I will come with a

few men, that I may see you in peace.

1Mac 7:29

He came therefore to Judas, and they saluted one another

peaceably. Howbeit the enemies were prepared to take away Judas

by violence.

1Mac 7:30

Which thing after it was known to Judas, to wit, that he came

unto him with deceit, he was sore afraid of him, and would see

his face no more.

1Mac 7:31

Nicanor also, when he saw that his counsel was discovered,

went out to fight against Judas beside Capharsalama:

1Mac 7:32

Where there were slain of Nicanor's side about five thousand

men, and the rest fled into the city of David.

1Mac 7:33

After this went Nicanor up to mount Sion, and there came out

of the sanctuary certain of the priests and certain of the

elders of the people, to salute him peaceably, and to shew him

the burnt sacrifice that was offered for the king.

1Mac 7:34

But he mocked them, and laughed at them, and abused them

shamefully, and spake proudly,

1Mac 7:35

And sware in his wrath, saying, Unless Judas and his host be

now delivered into my hands, if ever I come again in safety, I

will burn up this house: and with that he went out in a great


1Mac 7:36

Then the priests entered in, and stood before the altar and

the temple, weeping, and saying,

1Mac 7:37

Thou, O Lord, didst choose this house to be called by thy

name, and to be a house of prayer and petition for thy people:

1Mac 7:38

Be avenged of this man and his host, and let them fall by the

sword: remember their blasphemies, and suffer them not to

continue any longer.

1Mac 7:39

So Nicanor went out of Jerusalem, and pitched his tents in

Bethhoron, where an host out of Syria met him.

1Mac 7:40

But Judas pitched in Adasa with three thousand men, and there

he prayed, saying,

1Mac 7:41

O Lord, when they that were sent from the king of the

Assyrians blasphemed, thine angel went out, and smote an hundred

fourscore and five thousand of them.

1Mac 7:42

Even so destroy thou this host before us this day, that the

rest may know that he hath spoken blasphemously against thy

sanctuary, and judge thou him according to his wickedness.

1Mac 7:43

So the thirteenth day of the month Adar the hosts joined

battle: but Nicanor's host was discomfited, and he himself was

first slain in the battle.

1Mac 7:44

Now when Nicanor's host saw that he was slain, they cast away

their weapons, and fled.

1Mac 7:45

Then they pursued after them a day's journey, from Adasa unto

Gazera, sounding an alarm after them with their trumpets.

1Mac 7:46

Whereupon they came forth out of all the towns of Judea round

about, and closed them in; so that they, turning back upon them

that pursued them, were all slain with the sword, and not one of

them was left.

1Mac 7:47

Afterwards they took the spoils, and the prey, and smote off

Nicanors head, and his right hand, which he stretched out so

proudly, and brought them away, and hanged them up toward


1Mac 7:48

For this cause the people rejoiced greatly, and they kept

that day a day of great gladness.

1Mac 7:49

Moreover they ordained to keep yearly this day, being the

thirteenth of Adar.

1Mac 7:50

Thus the land of Juda was in rest a little while.

1Mac 8:1

Now Judas had heard of the the Romans, that they were mighty

and valiant men, and such as would lovingly accept all that

joined themselves unto them, and make a league of amity with all

that came unto them;

1Mac 8:2

And that they were men of great valour. It was told him also

of their wars and noble acts which they had done among the

Galatians, and how they had conquered them, and brought them

under tribute;

1Mac 8:3

And what they had done in the country of Spain, for the

winning of the mines of the silver and gold which is there;

1Mac 8:4

And that by their policy and patience they had conquered all

the place, though it were very far from them; and the kings also

that came against them from the uttermost part of the earth,

till they had discomfited them, and given them a great

overthrow, so that the rest did give them tribute every year:

1Mac 8:5

Beside this, how they had discomfited in battle Philip, and

Perseus, king of the Citims, with others that lifted up

themselves against them, and had overcome them:

1Mac 8:6

How also Antiochus the great king of Asia, that came against

them in battle, having an hundred and twenty elephants, with

horsemen, and chariots, and a very great army, was discomfited

by them;

1Mac 8:7

And how they took him alive, and covenanted that he and such

as reigned after him should pay a great tribute, and give

hostages, and that which was agreed upon,

1Mac 8:8

And the country of India, and Media and Lydia and of the

goodliest countries, which they took of him, and gave to king


1Mac 8:9

Moreover how the Grecians had determined to come and destroy


1Mac 8:10

And that they, having knowledge thereof sent against them a

certain captain, and fighting with them slew many of them, and

carried away captives their wives and their children, and

spoiled them, and took possession of their lands, and pulled

down their strong holds, and brought them to be their servants

unto this day:

1Mac 8:11

It was told him besides, how they destroyed and brought under

their dominion all other kingdoms and isles that at any time

resisted them;

1Mac 8:12

But with their friends and such as relied upon them they kept

amity: and that they had conquered kingdoms both far and nigh,

insomuch as all that heard of their name were afraid of them:

1Mac 8:13

Also that, whom they would help to a kingdom, those reign;

and whom again they would, they displace: finally, that they

were greatly exalted:

1Mac 8:14

Yet for all this none of them wore a crown or was clothed in

purple, to be magnified thereby:

1Mac 8:15

Moreover how they had made for themselves a senate house,

wherein three hundred and twenty men sat in council daily,

consulting alway for the people, to the end they might be well


1Mac 8:16

And that they committed their government to one man every

year, who ruled over all their country, and that all were

obedient to that one, and that there was neither envy nor

emmulation among them.

1Mac 8:17

In consideration of these things, Judas chose Eupolemus the

son of John, the son of Accos, and Jason the son of Eleazar, and

sent them to Rome, to make a league of amity and confederacy

with them,

1Mac 8:18

And to intreat them that they would take the yoke from them;

for they saw that the kingdom of the Grecians did oppress Israel

with servitude.

1Mac 8:19

They went therefore to Rome, which was a very great journey,

and came into the senate, where they spake and said.

1Mac 8:20

Judas Maccabeus with his brethren, and the people of the

Jews, have sent us unto you, to make a confederacy and peace

with you, and that we might be registered your confederates and


1Mac 8:21

So that matter pleased the Romans well.

1Mac 8:22

And this is the copy of the epistle which the senate wrote

back again in tables of brass, and sent to Jerusalem, that there

they might have by them a memorial of peace and confederacy:

1Mac 8:23

Good success be to the Romans, and to the people of the Jews,

by sea and by land for ever: the sword also and enemy be far

from them,

1Mac 8:24

If there come first any war upon the Romans or any of their

confederates throughout all their dominion,

1Mac 8:25

The people of the Jews shall help them, as the time shall be

appointed, with all their heart:

1Mac 8:26

Neither shall they give any thing unto them that make war

upon them, or aid them with victuals, weapons, money, or ships,

as it hath seemed good unto the Romans; but they shall keep

their covenants without taking any thing therefore.

1Mac 8:27

In the same manner also, if war come first upon the nation of

the Jews, the Romans shall help them with all their heart,

according as the time shall be appointed them:

1Mac 8:28

Neither shall victuals be given to them that take part

against them, or weapons, or money, or ships, as it hath seemed

good to the Romans; but they shall keep their covenants, and

that without deceit.

1Mac 8:29

According to these articles did the Romans make a covenant

with the people of the Jews.

1Mac 8:30

Howbeit if hereafter the one party or the other shall think

to meet to add or diminish any thing, they may do it at their

pleasures, and whatsoever they shall add or take away shall be


1Mac 8:31

And as touching the evils that Demetrius doeth to the Jews,

we have written unto him, saying, Wherefore thou made thy yoke

heavy upon our friends and confederates the Jews?

1Mac 8:32

If therefore they complain any more against thee, we will do

them justice, and fight with thee by sea and by land.

1Mac 9:1

Furthermore, when Demetrius heard the Nicanor and his host

were slain in battle, he sent Bacchides and Alcimus into the

land of Judea the second time, and with them the chief strength

of his host:

1Mac 9:2

Who went forth by the way that leadeth to Galgala, and

pitched their tents before Masaloth, which is in Arbela, and

after they had won it, they slew much people.

1Mac 9:3

Also the first month of the hundred fifty and second year

they encamped before Jerusalem:

1Mac 9:4

From whence they removed, and went to Berea, with twenty

thousand footmen and two thousand horsemen.

1Mac 9:5

Now Judas had pitched his tents at Eleasa, and three thousand

chosen men with him:

1Mac 9:6

Who seeing the multitude of the other army to he so great

were sore afraid; whereupon many conveyed themselves out of the

host, insomuch as abode of them no more but eight hundred men.

1Mac 9:7

When Judas therefore saw that his host slipt away, and that

the battle pressed upon him, he was sore troubled in mind, and

much distressed, for that he had no time to gather them


1Mac 9:8

Nevertheless unto them that remained he said, Let us arise

and go up against our enemies, if peradventure we may be able to

fight with them.

1Mac 9:9

But they dehorted him, saying, We shall never be able: let us

now rather save our lives, and hereafter we will return with our

brethren, and fight against them: for we are but few.

1Mac 9:10

Then Judas said, God forbid that I should do this thing, and

flee away from them: if our time be come, let us die manfully

for our brethren, and let us not stain our honour.

1Mac 9:11

With that the host of Bacchides removed out of their tents,

and stood over against them, their horsemen being divided into

two troops, and their slingers and archers going before the host

and they that marched in the foreward were all mighty men.

1Mac 9:12

As for Bacchides, he was in the right wing: so the host drew

near on the two parts, and sounded their trumpets.

1Mac 9:13

They also of Judas' side, even they sounded their trumpets

also, so that the earth shook at the noise of the armies, and

the battle continued from morning till night.

1Mac 9:14

Now when Judas perceived that Bacchides and the strength of

his army were on the right side, he took with him all the hardy


1Mac 9:15

Who discomfited the right wing, and pursued them unto the

mount Azotus.

1Mac 9:16

But when they of the left wing saw that they of the right

wing were discomfited, they followed upon Judas and those that

were with him hard at the heels from behind:

1Mac 9:17

Whereupon there was a sore battle, insomuch as many were

slain on both parts.

1Mac 9:18

Judas also was killed, and the remnant fled.

1Mac 9:19

THen Jonathan and Simon took Judas their brother, and buried

him in the sepulchre of his fathers in Modin.

1Mac 9:20

Moreover they bewailed him, and all Israel made great

lamentation for him, and mourned many days, saying,

1Mac 9:21

How is the valiant man fallen, that delivered Israel!

1Mac 9:22

As for the other things concerning Judas and his wars, and

the noble acts which he did, and his greatness, they are not

written: for they were very many.

1Mac 9:23

Now after the death of Judas the wicked began to put forth

their heads in all the coasts of Israel, and there arose up all

such as wrought iniquity.

1Mac 9:24

In those days also was there a very great famine, by reason

whereof the country revolted, and went with them.

1Mac 9:25

Then Bacchides chose the wicked men, and made them lords of

the country.

1Mac 9:26

And they made enquiry and search for Judas' friends, and

brought them unto Bacchides, who took vengeance of them, and

used them despitefully.

1Mac 9:27

So was there a great affliction in Israel, the like whereof

was not since the time that a prophet was not seen among them.

1Mac 9:28

For this cause all Judas' friends came together, and said

unto Jonathan,

1Mac 9:29

Since thy brother Judas died, we have no man like him to go

forth against our enemies, and Bacchides, and against them of

our nation that are adversaries to us.

1Mac 9:30

Now therefore we have chosen thee this day to be our prince

and captain in his stead, that thou mayest fight our battles.

1Mac 9:31

Upon this Jonathan took the governance upon him at that time,

and rose up instead of his brother Judas.

1Mac 9:32

But when Bacchides gat knowledge thereof, he sought for to

slay him

1Mac 9:33

Then Jonathan, and Simon his brother, and all that were with

him, perceiving that, fled into the wilderness of Thecoe, and

pitched their tents by the water of the pool Asphar.

1Mac 9:34

Which when Bacchides understood, he came near to Jordan with

all his host upon the sabbath day.

1Mac 9:35

Now Jonathan had sent his brother John, a captain of the

people, to pray his friends the Nabathites, that they might

leave with them their carriage, which was much.

1Mac 9:36

But the children of Jambri came out of Medaba, and took John,

and all that he had, and went their way with it.

1Mac 9:37

After this came word to Jonathan and Simon his brother, that

the children of Jambri made a great marriage, and were bringing

the bride from Nadabatha with a great train, as being the

daughter of one of the great princes of Chanaan.

1Mac 9:38

Therefore they remembered John their brother, and went up,

and hid themselves under the covert of the mountain:

1Mac 9:39

Where they lifted up their eyes, and looked, and, behold,

there was much ado and great carriage: and the bridegroom came

forth, and his friends and brethren, to meet them with drums,

and instruments of musick, and many weapons.

1Mac 9:40

Then Jonathan and they that were with him rose up against

them from the place where they lay in ambush, and made a

slaughter of them in such sort, as many fell down dead, and the

remnant fled into the mountain, and they took all their spoils.

1Mac 9:41

Thus was the marriage turned into mourning, and the noise of

their melody into lamentation.

1Mac 9:42

So when they had avenged fully the blood of their brother,

they turned again to the marsh of Jordan.

1Mac 9:43

Now when Bacchides heard hereof, he came on the sabbath day

unto the banks of Jordan with a great power.

1Mac 9:44

Then Jonathan said to his company, Let us go up now and fight

for our lives, for it standeth not with us to day, as in time


1Mac 9:45

For, behold, the battle is before us and behind us, and the

water of Jordan on this side and that side, the marsh likewise

and wood, neither is there place for us to turn aside.

1Mac 9:46

Wherefore cry ye now unto heaven, that ye may be delivered

from the hand of your enemies.

1Mac 9:47

With that they joined battle, and Jonathan stretched forth

his hand to smite Bacchides, but he turned back from him.

1Mac 9:48

Then Jonathan and they that were with him leapt into Jordan,

and swam over unto the other bank: howbeit the other passed not

over Jordan unto them.

1Mac 9:49

So there were slain of Bacchides' side that day about a

thousand men.

1Mac 9:50

Afterward returned Bacchides to Jerusalem and repaired the

strong cites in Judea; the fort in Jericho, and Emmaus, and

Bethhoron, and Bethel, and Thamnatha, Pharathoni, and Taphon,

these did he strengthen with high walls, with gates and with


1Mac 9:51

And in them he set a garrison, that they might work malice

upon Israel.

1Mac 9:52

He fortified also the city Bethsura, and Gazera, and the

tower, and put forces in them, and provision of victuals.

1Mac 9:53

Besides, he took the chief men's sons in the country for

hostages, and put them into the tower at Jerusalem to be kept.

1Mac 9:54

Moreover in the hundred fifty and third year, in the second

month, Alcimus commanded that the wall of the inner court of the

sanctuary should be pulled down; he pulled down also the works

of the prophets

1Mac 9:55

And as he began to pull down, even at that time was Alcimus

plagued, and his enterprizes hindered: for his mouth was

stopped, and he was taken with a palsy, so that he could no more

speak any thing, nor give order concerning his house.

1Mac 9:56

So Alcimus died at that time with great torment.

1Mac 9:57

Now when Bacchides saw that Alcimus was dead, he returned to

the king: whereupon the land of Judea was in rest two years.

1Mac 9:58

Then all the ungodly men held a council, saying, Behold,

Jonathan and his company are at ease, and dwell without care:

now therefore we will bring Bacchides hither, who shall take

them all in one night.

1Mac 9:59

So they went and consulted with him.

1Mac 9:60

Then removed he, and came with a great host, and sent letters

privily to his adherents in Judea, that they should take

Jonathan and those that were with him: howbeit they could not,

because their counsel was known unto them.

1Mac 9:61

Wherefore they took of the men of the country, that were

authors of that mischief, about fifty persons, and slew them.

1Mac 9:62

Afterward Jonathan, and Simon, and they that were with him,

got them away to Bethbasi, which is in the wilderness, and they

repaired the decays thereof, and made it strong.

1Mac 9:63

Which thing when Bacchides knew, he gathered together all his

host, and sent word to them that were of Judea.

1Mac 9:64

Then went he and laid siege against Bethbasi; and they fought

against it a long season and made engines of war.

1Mac 9:65

But Jonathan left his brother Simon in the city, and went

forth himself into the country, and with a certain number went

he forth.

1Mac 9:66

And he smote Odonarkes and his brethren, and the children of

Phasiron in their tent.

1Mac 9:67

And when he began to smite them, and came up with his forces,

Simon and his company went out of the city, and burned up the

engines of war,

1Mac 9:68

And fought against Bacchides, who was discomfited by them,

and they afflicted him sore: for his counsel and travail was in


1Mac 9:69

Wherefore he was very wroth at the wicked men that gave him

counsel to come into the country, inasmuch as he slew many of

them, and purposed to return into his own country.

1Mac 9:70

Whereof when Jonathan had knowledge, he sent ambassadors unto

him, to the end he should make peace with him, and deliver them

the prisoners.

1Mac 9:71

Which thing he accepted, and did according to his demands,

and sware unto him that he would never do him harm all the days

of his life.

1Mac 9:72

When therefore he had restored unto him the prisoners that he

had taken aforetime out of the land of Judea, he returned and

went his way into his own land, neither came he any more into

their borders.

1Mac 9:73

Thus the sword ceased from Israel: but Jonathan dwelt at

Machmas, and began to govern the people; and he destroyed the

ungodly men out of Israel.

1Mac 10:1

In the hundred and sixtieth year Alexander, the son of

Antiochus surnamed Epiphanes, went up and took Ptolemais: for

the people had received him, by means whereof he reigned there,

1Mac 10:2

Now when king Demetrius heard thereof, he gathered together

an exceeding great host, and went forth against him to fight.

1Mac 10:3

Moreover Demetrius sent letters unto Jonathan with loving

words, so as he magnified him.

1Mac 10:4

For said he, Let us first make peace with him, before he join

with Alexander against us:

1Mac 10:5

Else he will remember all the evils that we have done against

him, and against his brethren and his people.

1Mac 10:6

Wherefore he gave him authority to gather together an host,

and to provide weapons, that he might aid him in battle: he

commanded also that the hostages that were in the tower should

be delivered him.

1Mac 10:7

Then came Jonathan to Jerusalem, and read the letters in the

audience of all the people, and of them that were in the tower:

1Mac 10:8

Who were sore afraid, when they heard that the king had given

him authority to gather together an host.

1Mac 10:9

Whereupon they of the tower delivered their hostages unto

Jonathan, and he delivered them unto their parents.

1Mac 10:10

This done, Jonathan settled himself in Jerusalem, and began

to build and repair the city.

1Mac 10:11

And he commanded the workmen to build the walls and the mount

Sion and about with square stones for fortification; and they

did so.

1Mac 10:12

Then the strangers, that were in the fortresses which

Bacchides had built, fled away;

1Mac 10:13

Insomuch as every man left his place, and went into his own


1Mac 10:14

Only at Bethsura certain of those that had forsaken the law

and the commandments remained still: for it was their place of


1Mac 10:15

Now when king Alexander had heard what promises Demetrius had

sent unto Jonathan: when also it was told him of the battles and

noble acts which he and his brethren had done, and of the pains

that they had endured,

1Mac 10:16

He said, Shall we find such another man? now therefore we

will make him our friend and confederate.

1Mac 10:17

Upon this he wrote a letter, and sent it unto him, according

to these words, saying,

1Mac 10:18

King Alexander to his brother Jonathan sendeth greeting:

1Mac 10:19

We have heard of thee, that thou art a man of great power,

and meet to be our friend.

1Mac 10:20

Wherefore now this day we ordain thee to be the high priest

of thy nation, and to be called the king's friend; (and

therewithal he sent him a purple robe and a crown of gold:) and

require thee to take our part, and keep friendship with us.

1Mac 10:21

So in the seventh month of the hundred and sixtieth year, at

the feast of the tabernacles, Jonathan put on the holy robe, and

gathered together forces, and provided much armour.

1Mac 10:22

Whereof when Demetrius heard, he was very sorry, and said,

1Mac 10:23

What have we done, that Alexander hath prevented us in making

amity with the Jews to strengthen himself?

1Mac 10:24

I also will write unto them words of encouragement, and

promise them dignities and gifts, that I may have their aid.

1Mac 10:25

He sent unto them therefore to this effect: King Demetrius

unto the people of the Jews sendeth greeting:

1Mac 10:26

Whereas ye have kept covenants with us, and continued in our

friendship, not joining yourselves with our enemies, we have

heard hereof, and are glad.

1Mac 10:27

Wherefore now continue ye still to be faithful unto us, and

we will well recompense you for the things ye do in our behalf,

1Mac 10:28

And will grant you many immunities, and give you rewards.

1Mac 10:29

And now do I free you, and for your sake I release all the

Jews, from tributes, and from the customs of salt, and from

crown taxes,

1Mac 10:30

And from that which appertaineth unto me to receive for the

third part or the seed, and the half of the fruit of the trees,

I release it from this day forth, so that they shall not be

taken of the land of Judea, nor of the three governments which

are added thereunto out of the country of Samaria and Galilee,

from this day forth for evermore.

1Mac 10:31

Let Jerusalem also be holy and free, with the borders

thereof, both from tenths and tributes.

1Mac 10:32

And as for the tower which is at Jerusalem, I yield up

authority over it, and give the high priest, that he may set in

it such men as he shall choose to keep it.

1Mac 10:33

Moreover I freely set at liberty every one of the Jews, that

were carried captives out of the land of Judea into any part of

my kingdom, and I will that all my officers remit the tributes

even of their cattle.

1Mac 10:34

Furthermore I will that all the feasts, and sabbaths, and new

moons, and solemn days, and the three days before the feast, and

the three days after the feast shall be all of immunity and

freedom for all the Jews in my realm.

1Mac 10:35

Also no man shall have authority to meddle with or to molest

any of them in any matter.

1Mac 10:36

I will further, that there be enrolled among the king's

forces about thirty thousand men of the Jews, unto whom pay

shall be given, as belongeth to all king's forces.

1Mac 10:37

And of them some shall be placed in the king's strong holds,

of whom also some shall be set over the affairs of the kingdom,

which are of trust: and I will that their overseers and

governors be of themselves, and that they live after their own

laws, even as the king hath commanded in the land of Judea.

1Mac 10:38

And concerning the three governments that are added to Judea

from the country of Samaria, let them be joined with Judea, that

they may be reckoned to be under one, nor bound to obey other

authority than the high priest's.

1Mac 10:39

As for Ptolemais, and the land pertaining thereto, I give it

as a free gift to the sanctuary at Jerusalem for the necessary

expences of the sanctuary.

1Mac 10:40

Moreover I give every year fifteen thousand shekels of silver

out of the king's accounts from the places appertaining.

1Mac 10:41

And all the overplus, which the officers payed not in as in

former time, from henceforth shall be given toward the works of

the temple.

1Mac 10:42

And beside this, the five thousand shekels of silver, which

they took from the uses of the temple out of the accounts year

by year, even those things shall be released, because they

appertain to the priests that minister.

1Mac 10:43

And whosoever they be that flee unto the temple at Jerusalem,

or be within the liberties hereof, being indebted unto the king,

or for any other matter, let them be at liberty, and all that

they have in my realm.

1Mac 10:44

For the building also and repairing of the works of the

sanctuary expences shall be given of the king's accounts.

1Mac 10:45

Yea, and for the building of the walls of Jerusalem, and the

fortifying thereof round about, expences shall be given out of

the king's accounts, as also for the building of the walls in


1Mac 10:46

Now when Jonathan and the people heard these words, they gave

no credit unto them, nor received them, because they remembered

the great evil that he had done in Israel; for he had afflicted

them very sore.

1Mac 10:47

But with Alexander they were well pleased, because he was the

first that entreated of true peace with them, and they were

confederate with him always.

1Mac 10:48

Then gathered king Alexander great forces, and camped over

against Demetrius.

1Mac 10:49

And after the two kings had joined battle, Demetrius' host

fled: but Alexander followed after him, and prevailed against


1Mac 10:50

And he continued the battle very sore until the sun went

down: and that day was Demetrius slain.

1Mac 10:51

Afterward Alexander sent ambassadors to Ptolemee king of

Egypt with a message to this effect:

1Mac 10:52

Forasmuch as I am come again to my realm, and am set in the

throne of my progenitors, and have gotten the dominion, and

overthrown Demetrius, and recovered our country;

1Mac 10:53

For after I had joined battle with him, both he and his host

was discomfited by us, so that we sit in the throne of his


1Mac 10:54

Now therefore let us make a league of amity together, and

give me now thy daughter to wife: and I will be thy son in law,

and will give both thee and her as according to thy dignity.

1Mac 10:55

Then Ptolemee the king gave answer, saying, Happy be the day

wherein thou didst return into the land of thy fathers, and

satest in the throne of their kingdom.

1Mac 10:56

And now will I do to thee, as thou hast written: meet me

therefore at Ptolemais, that we may see one another; for I will

marry my daughter to thee according to thy desire.

1Mac 10:57

So Ptolemee went out of Egypt with his daughter Cleopatra,

and they came unto Ptolemais in the hundred threescore and

second year:

1Mac 10:58

Where king Alexander meeting him, he gave unto him his

daughter Cleopatra, and celebrated her marriage at Ptolemais

with great glory, as the manner of kings is.

1Mac 10:59

Now king Alexander had written unto Jonathan, that he should

come and meet him.

1Mac 10:60

Who thereupon went honourably to Ptolemais, where he met the

two kings, and gave them and their friends silver and gold, and

many presents, and found favour in their sight.

1Mac 10:61

At that time certain pestilent fellows of Israel, men of a

wicked life, assembled themselves against him, to accuse him:

but the king would not hear them.

1Mac 10:62

Yea more than that, the king commanded to take off his

garments, and clothe him in purple: and they did so.

1Mac 10:63

And he made him sit by himself, and said into his princes, Go

with him into the midst of the city, and make proclamation, that

no man complain against him of any matter, and that no man

trouble him for any manner of cause.

1Mac 10:64

Now when his accusers saw that he was honored according to

the proclamation, and clothed in purple, they fled all away.

1Mac 10:65

So the king honoured him, and wrote him among his chief

friends, and made him a duke, and partaker of his dominion.

1Mac 10:66

Afterward Jonathan returned to Jerusalem with peace and


1Mac 10:67

Furthermore in the; hundred threescore and fifth year came

Demetrius son of Demetrius out of Crete into the land of his


1Mac 10:68

Whereof when king Alexander heard tell, he was right sorry,

and returned into Antioch.

1Mac 10:69

Then Demetrius made Apollonius the governor of Celosyria his

general, who gathered together a great host, and camped in

Jamnia, and sent unto Jonathan the high priest, saying,

1Mac 10:70

Thou alone liftest up thyself against us, and I am laughed to

scorn for thy sake, and reproached: and why dost thou vaunt thy

power against us in the mountains?

1Mac 10:71

Now therefore, if thou trustest in thine own strength, come

down to us into the plain field, and there let us try the matter

together: for with me is the power of the cities.

1Mac 10:72

Ask and learn who I am, and the rest that take our part, and

they shall tell thee that thy foot is not able to to flight in

their own land.

1Mac 10:73

Wherefore now thou shalt not be able to abide the horsemen

and so great a power in the plain, where is neither stone nor

flint, nor place to flee unto.

1Mac 10:74

So when Jonathan heard these words of Apollonius, he was

moved in his mind, and choosing ten thousand men he went out of

Jerusalem, where Simon his brother met him for to help him.

1Mac 10:75

And he pitched his tents against Joppa: but; they of Joppa

shut him out of the city, because Apollonius had a garrison


1Mac 10:76

Then Jonathan laid siege unto it: whereupon they of the city

let him in for fear: and so Jonathan won Joppa.

1Mac 10:77

Whereof when Apollonius heard, he took three thousand

horsemen, with a great host of footmen, and went to Azotus as

one that journeyed, and therewithal drew him forth into the

plain. because he had a great number of horsemen, in whom he put

his trust.

1Mac 10:78

Then Jonathan followed after him to Azotus, where the armies

joined battle.

1Mac 10:79

Now Apollonius had left a thousand horsemen in ambush.

1Mac 10:80

And Jonathan knew that there was an ambushment behind him;

for they had compassed in his host, and cast darts at the

people, from morning till evening.

1Mac 10:81

But the people stood still, as Jonathan had commanded them:

and so the enemies' horses were tired.

1Mac 10:82

Then brought Simon forth his host, and set them against the

footmen, (for the horsemen were spent) who were discomfited by

him, and fled.

1Mac 10:83

The horsemen also, being scattered in the field, fled to

Azotus, and went into Bethdagon, their idol's temple, for


1Mac 10:84

But Jonathan set fire on Azotus, and the cities round about

it, and took their spoils; and the temple of Dagon, with them

that were fled into it, he burned with fire.

1Mac 10:85

Thus there were burned and slain with the sword well nigh

eight thousand men.

1Mac 10:86

And from thence Jonathan removed his host, and camped against

Ascalon, where the men of the city came forth, and met him with

great pomp.

1Mac 10:87

After this returned Jonathan and his host unto Jerusalem,

having any spoils.

1Mac 10:88

Now when king ALexander heard these things, he honoured

Jonathan yet more.

1Mac 10:89

And sent him a buckle of gold, as the use is to be given to

such as are of the king's blood: he gave him also Accaron with

the borders thereof in possession.