Arab Liberation Front

(Jabhat al-Tahrir al-‘Arabiyya)


Established as a guerrilla group on 6/11 Apr 69 by Iraqi Ba‘thists, as alliance between Fatah, Egypt & Syria devd, & after Sa‘iqa formed; continued to be sponsored by Iraq. Pan-Arabist, initially aimed at reversing the 'Palestinianization' of the conflict; but joined PLO nevertheless (Jul 69). Led by Zayd Haydar (S-G in 1970), Munif al-Razzaz (a Jordanian; 60s/70s), ‘Abd al-Wahhab al-Kayyali (at least 72-74), ‘Abd al-Rahim Ahmad (at least from 1975-91), Mahmud Isma’il (93). Current S-G is Rakad Salem (b.1944); Husayn Rahhal also prominent. Opposed to Oslo, but has maintained participation in PLO (eg in 1984 Amman PNC); & participates in NIF. Shares an office floor in Ramallah with the PLF. Also has offices in Lebanon & Iraq. Much of its work now is distributing grants from the Iraqi government to families of "martyrs" in Palestine.