The use of magic for religious and/or psychotherapeutic purposes, in order to attain "salvation" or "personal evolution," as defined by P, E. I. Bonewits. This is often referred to as "High magic," which is considered the best use of magic.

In further discussion Bonewitts makes some interesting observations concerning theurgy, especially in relation to tantrism. The official goal, he states, of Tantrra is is theurgic, that attainment of salvation and enlightenment. However, one would soon notice that methods devised for theurgy can usually be used for thaumaturgy as well.

As Bonewitts further explains, in Tantric Buddhism "enlightenment" soon became defined as the union of positive and negative, active and passive, masculine and feminine. This dualism tended to show Buddhism's apparent male-chauvinistic stance, since "masculine" was associated with "positive" and "active," and "feminine" with "negative" and "passive"; however in Hindu Tantrism thing are the other way around. Again what is termed an universal truth, usually becomes the reality of one belief system. A.G.H.