Religious Society of Friends (Quakers)


George Fox in England in the seventeenth century began preaching against organized churches, professing a doctrine of the Inner Light.

Beliefs: Reliance is on the Inner Light, the voice of God's Holy Spirit experienced within each person; meetings are characterized by quiet meditation without ritual or sermon; Quakers are active in peace, education, and social welfare movements; they refuse to bear arms or take oaths; earlier schisms are still reflected in three main affiliations of Friends.