The Origins of Christianity and
the Quest for the Historical Jesus Christ

by Acharya S

Part I Part II

The Creation of a Myth

The Christians went on a censorship rampage that led to the virtual illiteracy of the ancient world and ensured that their secret would be hidden from the masses (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot64)64 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot64), but the scholars of other schools/sects never gave up their arguments against the historicizing of a very ancient mythological creature. We have lost the arguments of these learned dissenters because the Christians destroyed any traces of their works. Nonetheless, the Christians preserved the contentions of their detractors through the Christians' own refutations.

For example, early Church Father Tertullian (@ 160-220 C.E.), an "ex-Pagan" and Bishop of Carthage, ironically admits the true origins of the Christ story and of all other such godmen by stating in refutation of his critics, "You say we worship the sun; so do you." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot65)65 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot65) Interestingly, a previously strident believer and defender of the faith, Tertullian later renounced Christianity (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot66)66 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot66).

The "Son" of God is the "Sun" of God  (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot67)67 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot67)

The reason why all these narratives are so similar, with a godman who is crucified and resurrected, who does miracles and has 12 disciples, is that these stories were based on the movements of the sun through the heavens, an astrotheological development that can be found throughout the planet because the sun and the 12 zodiac signs can be observed around the globe. In other words, Jesus Christ and all the others upon whom this character is predicated are personifications of the sun, and the Gospel fable is merely a rehash of a mythological formula (the "Mythos," as mentioned above) revolving around the movements of the sun through the heavens. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot68)68 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot68)

For instance, many of the world's crucified godmen have their traditional birthday on December 25th ("Christmas" (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot69)69 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot69)). This is because the ancients recognized that (from an earthcentric perspective) the sun makes an annual descent southward until December 21st or 22nd, the winter solstice, when it stops moving southerly for three days and then starts to move northward again. During this time, the ancients declared that "God's sun" had "died" for three days and was "born again" on December 25th. The ancients realized quite abundantly that they needed the sun to return every day and that they would be in big trouble if the sun continued to move southward and did not stop and reverse its direction. Thus, these many different cultures celebrated the "sun of God's" birthday on December 25th. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot70)70 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot70) The following are the characteristics of the "sun of God":

  • The sun "dies" for three days on December 22nd, the winter solstice, when it stops in its movement south, to be born again or resurrected on December 25th, when it resumes its movement north.
  • In some areas, the calendar originally began in the constellation of Virgo, and the sun would therefore be "born of a Virgin."
  • The sun is the "Light of the World."
  • The sun "cometh on clouds, and every eye shall see him."
  • The sun rising in the morning is the "Savior of mankind."
  • The sun wears a corona, "crown of thorns" or halo. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot71)71 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot71)
  • The sun "walks on water."
  • The sun's "followers," "helpers" or "disciples" are the 12 months and the 12 signs of the zodiac or constellations, through which the sun must pass.
  • The sun at 12 noon is in the house or temple of the "Most High"; thus, "he" begins "his Father's work" at "age" 12.
  • The sun enters into each sign of the zodiac at 30°; hence, the "Sun of God" begins his ministry at "age" 30.
  • The sun is hung on a cross or "crucified," which represents its passing through the equinoxes, the vernal equinox being Easter, at which time it is then resurrected. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot72)72 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot72)

Contrary to popular belief, the ancients were not an ignorant and superstitious lot who actually believed their deities to be literal characters. Indeed, this slanderous propaganda has been part of the conspiracy to make the ancients appear as if they were truly the dark and dumb rabble that was in need of the "light of Jesus." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot73)73 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot73) The reality is that the ancients were no less advanced in their morals and spiritual practices, and in many cases were far more advanced, than the Christians in their own supposed morality and ideology, which, in its very attempt at historicity, is in actuality a degradation of the ancient Mythos. Indeed, unlike the "superior" Christians, the true intelligentsia amongst the ancients were well aware that their gods were astronomical and atmospheric in nature. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot74)74 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot74) surely knew that Zeus, the sky god father figure who migrated to Greece from India and/or Egypt, was never a real person, despite the fact that the Greeks have designated on Crete both a birth cave and a death cave of Zeus. In addition, all over the world are to be found sites where this god or that allegedly was born, walked, suffered, died, etc., a common and unremarkable occurrence that is not monopolized by, and did not originate with, Christianity. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot74a)74a (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot74a)

Etymology Tells the Story

Zeus, aka "Zeus Pateras," who we now automatically believe to be a myth and not a historical figure, takes his name from the Indian version, "Dyaus Pitar." Dyaus Pitar in turn is related to the Egyptian "Ptah," and from both Pitar and Ptah comes the word "pater," or "father." "Zeus" equals "Dyaus," which became "Deos," "Deus" and "Dios" - "God." "Zeus Pateras," like Dyaus Pitar, means, "God the Father," a very ancient concept that in no way originated with "Jesus" and Christianity. There is no question of Zeus being a historical character. Dyaus Pitar becomes "Jupiter" in Roman mythology, and likewise is not representative of an actual, historical character. In Egyptian mythology, Ptah, the Father, is the unseen god-force, and the sun was viewed as Ptah's visible proxy who brings everlasting life to the earth; hence, the "son of God" is really the "sun of God." Indeed, according to Hotema, the very name "Christ" comes from the Hindi word "Kris" (as in Krishna), which is a name for the sun. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot75)75 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot75)

Furthermore, since Horus was called "Iusa/Iao/Iesu" (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot76)76 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot76) the "KRST," and Krishna/Christna was called "Jezeus," centuries before any Jewish character similarly named, it would be safe to assume that Jesus Christ is just a repeat of Horus and Krishna, among the rest. According to Rev. Taylor, the title "Christ" in its Hebraic form meaning "Anointed" ("Masiah" (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot77)77 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot77)) was held by all kings of Israel, as well as being "so commonly assumed by all sorts of impostors, conjurers, and pretenders to supernatural communications, that the very claim to it is in the gospel itself considered as an indication of imposture . . ." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot78)78 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot78) Hotema states that the name "Jesus Christ" was not formally adopted in its present form until after the first Council of Nicea, i.e., in 325 C.E. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot79)79 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot79)

In actuality, even the place names and the appellations of many other characters in the New Testament can be revealed to be Hebraicized renderings of the Egyptian texts.

As an example, in the fable of "Lazarus," the mummy raised from the dead by Jesus, the Christian copyists did not change his name much, "El-Azar-us" being the Egyptian mummy raised from the dead by Horus possibly 1,000 years or more before the Jewish version. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot80)80 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot80) This story is allegory for the sun reviving its old, dying self, or father, as in "El-Osiris." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot81)81 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot81) It is not a true story.

Horus's principal enemy - originally Horus's other face or "dark" aspect - was "Set" or "Sata," whence comes "Satan." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot82)82 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot82) Horus struggles with Set in the exact manner that Jesus battles with Satan, with 40 days in the wilderness, among other similarities. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot83)83 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot83) This is because this myth represents the triumph of light over dark, or the sun's return to relieve the terror of the night.

"Jerusalem" simply means "City of Peace," and the actual city in Israel was named after the holy city of peace in the Egyptian sacred texts that already existed at the time the city was founded. Likewise, "Bethany," site of the famous multiplying of the loaves, means "House of God," and is allegory for the "multiplication of the many out of the One." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot84)84 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot84) Any town of that designation was named for the allegorical place in the texts that existed before the town's foundation. The Egyptian predecessor and counterpart is "Bethanu." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot85)85 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot85)

The Book of Revelation is Egyptian and Zoroastrian

One can find certain allegorical place names such as "Jerusalem" and "Israel" in the Book of Revelation. Massey has stated that Revelation, rather than having been written by any apostle called John during the 1st Century C.E., is a very ancient text that dates to the beginning of this era of history, i.e. possibly as early as 4,000 years ago. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot86)86 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot86) Massey asserts that Revelation relates the Mithraic legend of Zarathustra/Zoroaster. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot87)87 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot87) Hotema says of this mysterious book, which has baffled mankind for centuries: "It is expressed in terms of creative phenomena; its hero is not Jesus but the Sun of the Universe, its heroine is the Moon; and all its other characters are Planets, Stars and Constellations; while its stage-setting comprises the Sky, the Earth, the Rivers and the Sea." The common form of this text has been attributed by Churchward to Horus's scribe, Aan, whose name has been passed down to us as "John." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot88)88 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot88)

The word Israel itself, far from being a Jewish appellation, probably comes from the combination of three different reigning deities: Isis, the Earth Mother Goddess revered throughout the ancient world; Ra, the Egyptian sungod; and El, the Semitic deity passed down in form as Saturn. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot90)90 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot90) El was one of the earliest names for the god of the ancient Hebrews (whence Emmanu-El, Micha-El, Gabri-El, Samu-El, etc.), and his worship is reflected in the fact that the Jews still consider Saturday as "God's Day." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot91)91 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot91)

Indeed, that the Christians worship on Sunday betrays the genuine origins of their god and godman. Their "savior" is actually the sun, which is the "Light of the world that every eye can see." The sun has been viewed consistently throughout history as the savior of mankind for reasons that are obvious. Without the sun, the planet would scarcely last one day. So important was the sun to the ancients that they composed a "Sun Book," or "Helio Biblia," which became the "Holy Bible." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot91a)91a (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot91a)

The "Patriarchs" and "Saints" are the Gods of Other Cultures

When one studies mythmaking, one can readily discern and delineate a pattern that is repeated throughout history. Whenever an invading culture takes over its predecessors, it either vilifies the preceding deities or makes them into lesser gods, "patriarchs" or, in the case of Christianity, "saints." This process is exemplified in the adoption of the Hindu god Brahma as the Hebrew patriarch Abraham. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot92)92 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot92) Another school of thought proposes that the patriarch Joshua was based on Horus as "Iusa," since the cult of Horus had migrated by this period to the Levant. In this theory, the cult of Joshua, which was situated in exactly the area where the Christ drama allegedly took place, then mutated into the Christian story, with Joshua becoming Jesus. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot93)93 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote3.htm#foot93) As Robertson says, "The Book of Joshua leads us to think that he had several attributes of the Sun-god, and that, like Samson and Moses, he was an ancient deity reduced to human status."

Indeed, the legend of Moses, rather than being that of a historical Hebrew character, is found around the ancient Middle and Far East, with the character having different names and races, depending on the locale: "Manou" is the Indian legislator; "Nemo the lawgiver," who brought down the tablets from the Mountain of God, hails from Babylon; "Mises" is found in Syria and Egypt, where also "Manes the lawgiver" takes the stage; "Minos" is the Cretan reformer; and the Ten Commandments are simply a repetition of the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi and the Hindu Vedas, among others. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot94)94 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot94) Like Moses, Krishna was placed by his mother in a reed boat and set adrift in a river to be discovered by another woman. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot95)95 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot95) A century ago, Massey outlined, and Graham recently reiterated, that even the Exodus itself is not a historical event. That the historicity of the Exodus has been questioned is echoed by the lack of any archaeological record, as is reported in Biblical Archaeology Review ("BAR"), September/October 1994. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot96)96 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot96)

Like many biblical characters, Noah is also a myth (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot97)97 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot97), long ago appropriated from the Egyptians, the Sumerians and others, as any sophisticated scholar could demonstrate, and yet we find all sorts of books - some even presumably "channeling" the "ultimate truth" from a mystical, omniscient, omnipresent and eternal being such as Jesus himself - prattling on about a genuine, historical Noah, his extraordinary adventures, and the "Great Flood!" (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot98)98 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot98)

Additionally, the "Esther" of the Old Testament Book of Esther is a remake of the Goddess Ishtar, Astarte, Astoreth or Isis, from whom comes "Easter" (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot99)99 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot99) and about whose long and ubiquitous reign little is said in "God's infallible Word." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot100)100 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot100) Per Harwood (Mythology's Last Gods, 230), "Esther" is best transliterated "Ishtar" and "Mordechai" is "Mardukay." The Virgin Mother/Goddess/Queen of Heaven motif is found around the globe, long before the Christian era, with Isis, for instance, also being called "Mata-Meri" ("Mother Mary"). As Walker says, "Mari" was the "basic name of the Goddess known to the Chaldeans as Marratu, to the Jews as Marah, to the Persians as Mariham, to the Christians as Mary . . . Semites worshipped an androgynous combination of Goddess and God called Mari-El (Mary-God), corresponding to the Egyptian Meri-Ra, which combined the feminine principle of water with the masculine principle of the sun."

Even the Hebraic name of God, "Yahweh," was taken from the Egyptian "IAO." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot101)101 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot101)

In one of the most notorious of Christian deceptions, in order to convert followers of "Lord Buddha," the Church canonized him as "St. Josaphat," which represented a Christian corruption of the buddhistic title, "Bodhisat." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot102)102 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot102)

The "Disciples" are the Signs of the Zodiac

Moreover, it is no accident that there are 12 patriarchs and 12 disciples, 12 being the number of the astrological signs, or months. Indeed, like the 12 Herculean tasks and the 12 "helpers" of Horus, Jesus's 12 disciples are symbolic for the zodiacal signs and do not depict any literal figures who played out a drama upon the earth circa 30 C.E. The disciples can be shown to have been an earlier deity/folkloric hero/constellation. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot103)103 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot103) Peter is easily revealed to be a mythological character (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot104)104 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot104), while Judas has been said to represent Scorpio, "the backbiter," the time of year when the sun's rays are weakening and the sun appears to be dying. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot105)105 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot105) James, "brother of Jesus" and "brother of the Lord," is equivalent to Amset, brother of Osiris and brother of the Lord. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot106)106 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot106) Massey says "Taht-Matiu was the scribe of the gods, and in Christian art Matthew is depicted as the scribe of the gods, with an angel standing near him, to dictate the gospel." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot107)107 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot107) Even the apostle Paul is a compilation of several characters: The Old Testament Saul, Apollonius of Tyana and the Greek demigod Orpheus. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot108)108 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot108)

Was Jesus an Essene Master?  (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot109)109 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot109)

As regards Jesus being an Essene according to "secret" Dead Sea Scrolls, even before the discovery of the scrolls, over the centuries there has been much speculation to this effect, but Massey skillfully argued that many of Jesus's presumed teachings were either in contradiction to or were non-existent in Essene philosophy. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot110)110 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot110) The Essenes did not believe in corporeal resurrection, nor did they believe in a carnalized messiah. They did not accept the historicity of Jesus. They were not followers of the Hebrew Bible, or its prophets, or the concept of the original fall that must produce a savior. Massey further points out that the Essenes were teetotalers and ate to live rather than the other way around. Compared to this, the assumed Essene Jesus appears to be a glutton and drunkard. Also, whereas according to Josephus the Essenes abhorred the swearing of oaths, Jesus was fond of "swearing unto" his disciples. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot111)111 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot111) While many Essenic doctrines are included in the New Testament, the list of disparities between the Dead Sea Scroll Essenes and their alleged great master Jesus goes on. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot112)112 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot112)

Qumran is Not an Essene Community

It should also be noted that there is another debate as to whether or not Qumran, the site traditionally associated with the Dead Sea Scrolls, was an Essene community. In BAR, previously cited, it is reported that archaeological finds indicate Qumran was not an Essene community but was possibly a waystation for travelers and merchants crossing the Dead Sea. In BAR, it has also been hypothesized that the fervent tone and warrior-stance of some of the scrolls unearthed near Qumran belie any Essene origin and indicate a possible attribution to Jewish Zealots instead. In Who Wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls, Norman Golb makes a very good case that the Dead Sea Scrolls were not written by any Essene scribes but were a collection of tomes from various libraries that were secreted in caves throughout eastern Israel by Jews fleeing the Roman armies during the First Revolt of 70 A.D. Golb also hypothesizes that Qumran itself was a fortress, not a monastery. In any case, it is impossible to equate the "Teacher of Righteousness" found in any scrolls with Jesus Christ.

Was the New Testament Composed by Therapeuts?

In 1829 Rev. Taylor adeptly made the case that the entire Gospel story was already in existence long before the beginning of the Common Era and was probably composed by the monks at Alexandria called "Therapeuts" in Greek and "Essenes" in Egyptian, both names meaning "healers." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot113)113 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot113) This theory has stemmed in part from the statement of early church father Eusebius, who, in a rare moment of seeming honesty, "admitted . . . that the canonical Christian gospels and epistles were the ancient writings of the Essenes or Therapeutae reproduced in the name of Jesus." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot114)114 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot114) Taylor also opines that "the travelling Egyptian Therapeuts brought the whole story from India to their monasteries in Egypt, where, some time after the commencement of the Roman monarchy, it was transmuted in Christianity." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot115)115 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot115) In addition, Wheless evinces that one can find much of the fable of "Jesus Christ" in the Book of Enoch (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot116)116 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot116), which predated the supposed advent of the Jewish master by hundreds of years. (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot117)117 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot117) According to Massey, it was the "pagan" Gnostics - who included members of the Essene/Therapeut and Nazarene (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot118)118 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot118) brotherhoods, among others - who actually carried to Rome the esoteric (gnostic) texts containing the Mythos, upon which the numerous gospels, including the canonical four, were based. Wheless says, "Obviously, the Gospels and other New Testament booklets, written in Greek and quoting 300 times the Greek Septuagint, and several Greek Pagan authors, as Aratus, and Cleanthes, were written, not by illiterate Jewish peasants, but by Greek-speaking ex-Pagan Fathers and priests far from the Holy Land of the Jews." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot119)119 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot119) Mead averred, "We thus conclude that the autographs of our four Gospels were most probably written in Egypt, in the reign of Hadrian." (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot120)120 (http://www.truthbeknown.com/footnote4.htm#foot120)

Conclusion

As Walker said, "Scholars' efforts to eliminate paganism from the Gospels in order to find a historical Jesus have proved as hopeless as searching for a core in an onion." The "gospel" story of Jesus is not a factual portrayal of a historical "master" who walked the earth 2,000 years ago. It is a myth built upon other myths and godmen, who in turn were personifications of the ubiquitous sungod mythos.

"The Christ of the gospels is in no sense an historical personage or a supreme model of humanity, a hero who strove, and suffered, and failed to save the world by his death. It is impossible to establish the existence of an historical character even as an impostor. For such an one the two witnesses, astronomical mythology and gnosticism, completely prove an alibi. The Christ is a popular lay-figure that never lived, and a lay-figure of Pagan origin; a lay-figure that was once the Ram and afterwards the Fish; a lay-figure that in human form was the portrait and image of a dozen different gods."

Gerald Massey

© 2001 Acharya S

Bibliography (http://www.truthbeknown.com/biblio.htm)

Part I Part II