Army for the Liberation
of Rwanda (ALIR)
The FAR was the army of the Rwandan Hutu regime that carried out
the genocide of 500,000 or more Tutsis and regime opponents in
1994. The Interahamwe was the civilian militia force that carried
out much of the killing. The groups merged and recruited additional
fighters after they were forced from Rwanda into the Democratic
Republic of Congo (then Zaire) in 1994.
They are now often known as the Army for the Liberation of Rwanda
(ALIR), which is the armed branch of the PALIR or Party for the
Liberation of Rwanda.
The group seeks to topple Rwanda’s Tutsi-dominated government,
reinstitute Hutu control, and, possibly, complete the genocide.
In 1996, a message¾allegedly from the ALIR¾threatened
to kill the US Ambassador to Rwanda and other US citizens. In 1999,
ALIR guerrillas critical of alleged US-UK support for the Rwandan
regime kidnapped and killed eight foreign tourists, including two
US citizens, in a game park on the Congo-Uganda border. In the
current Congolese war, the ALIR is allied with Kinshasa against
the Rwandan invaders. The Government of Rwanda recently transferred
to US custody three former ALIR insurgents who are suspects in
the 1999 Bwindi Park murder case.
Several thousand ALIR regular forces operate alongside the Congolese
army on the front lines of the Congo civil war, while a like number
of ALIR guerrillas operate in eastern Congo closer to the Rwandan
Mostly Democratic Republic of the
Congo and Rwanda, but some operate in Burundi.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo has provided
ALIR forces in Congo with training, arms, and supplies.