Florence, Italy, Mar 27 - Palaeontologists have discovered the hominid that made and employed the most ancient bone tools that have ever been used in Dancalia Eritrea a million years ago. Its remains were unearthed over a period of years by a paleo-anthropological team from Eritrea and around Italy. The last fragments were handed back last November from the lacustrine sediment on which the researchers had worked. They called it "the lady of Buya".
The cranium and the pelvis of a young female, an adult under the age of 30, with surprisingly modern features, found on the banks of a lake that disappeared in the present-day depression of Buya, were explained this morning by those who found them in a conference entitled "A million years ago in Dancalia Eritrea", in the Large Auditorium of the University of Florence. "The cranium demonstrates a real mosaic of archaic and advanced features", explained Lorenzo Rook, the Florentine palaeontologist who was the first to touch the finding, one afternoon in December 1995. In addition, "the conformation of the pelvic bone reveals a pregnancy and childbirth much like that of modern times". She ate meat, as proven by pieces of stone fragments and traces left on the bones.
But an important finding of the excavations in that area, under the direction of Ernesto Abbate, of the University of Florence, "is represented by two bone fragments". They are instruments that were produced deliberately, confirmed Lorenzo Rook "with the same technology that was used to work stone". They are the oldest bone instruments used by hominids which we have ever seen. (AGI)
Source: AGI Online